• Harry Davison made experimental flight commander at Hampton Roads
• McCulloch at Hampton Roads.
• Ireland becomes squadron commander at Hampton Roads
• Walker commands rescue of downed seaplane crew at Le Croisic
• Lovett appointed Assistant to Chief of Operations at American Naval Aviation HQ in Paris

Felix Hotel1

• Wilson delivers "Fourteen Points" for peace in the world speech to US Congress
• William Thaw commissioned as major, U.S. Air Service, and CO of 103 pursuit squadron


• Curtis Read ordered to Dunkirk
• Bartow Read ordered to LeCroisic
• Sturtevant shot down while flying escort mission over North Sea; 1st naval aviator casualty
• Smith and Landon at Ile Tudy
• Ingalls, MacLeish, ‘Shorty’ Smith in Scotland for advanced training
• Gates appointed Intelligence Officer at Dunkirk – then Assistant Chief Pilot
• Curtis Read killed flying at Dunkirk

Albert Dillon Sturtevant2

Curtis S. Read3



• Oliver James ordered to Rio Janeiro, Brazil, serves as instructor
• Vorys ordered to US; serves at Hampton Roads through remainder of war
• Gould promoted to Commanding Officer at Key West NAS
• Farwell sails for Europe
• Ingalls, MacLeish and Smith at Dunkirk, then loaned to Squadron 213, 61st Wing, R.A.F.
• Gates attached to Squadron 217
• Lovett flies with Squadron 07, Wing 05 at Couderkerque, night bombing raids on Bruges Docks
• Lovett and Lt. E.O. McDonnell develop Northern Bombing Group (NBG)

German anti-aircraft gun, Bruges4

• Peace treaty signed by Soviet Russia and Central Powers
• Soviets ratify the Brest-Litovsky Treaty
• Germany begins final push (Ludendorff Offensive) before America is fully engaged in the war – 3/21


• Thomas Edison works with Erl Gould at Key West on sub listening devices and cloaking paint schemes for aircraft
• Ken Smith sinks sub off Penmarch – awarded Croix de Guerre
• Farwell sails for Europe – stationed at Paulliac
• MacLeish flies combat raids behind German lines with 213 R.A.F.
• Lt. McDonnell sent stateside to arrange logistics for NBG

Thomas A. Edison5

• Germany launches second spring offensive
• British withdraw from Ypres to Armentieres
• Foch appointed Commander-in-Chief of Allied forces on Western front.  With Pershing, makes desperate plea to President Wilson for more American troops 
• Manfred Von Richtofen the "Red Baron" (80 confirmed victories) killed in action
• Zeebrugge Raid


• Lawrence, Lynch ordered over seas
• Ames and Harry Davison transferred to DC
• Landon racks up record 69.5 flying hours at Ile Tudy
• Walker writes to Lovett to request service with NBG
• MacLeish and Ingalls back at Dunkirk
• 'Shorty' Smith declared unfit for flying due to illness.
• Lovett builds NBG

Bob Lovett, visiting Senators, Caproni bomber6

• US forces victorious in first major action at Battle of Piave
• U.S. 1st Division, with “green” troops, helps win Battle of Cautigny


• Members of "Girls Radio Unit" work as inspectors at aircraft factories of the Army Signal Corps
• Rockefeller sent to Pensacola to train in night bombing
• Ames and Lt. E.O. McDonnell to Wright factory at Dayton to review DH-4s
• Coombe, Walker, Landon to Malpensa, Italy to train on Capronis
• McIlwaine to Clermont-Ferrand for special flight training
• B. Read detailed to Pauillac then Porto Corsini
• Lynch and Lawrence report to Killingholme; join sub hunting war flight
• MacLeish trains on day bombers at Clermont-Ferrand

DH4 on flight line at Paulliac, France7

• Germans launch fourth spring offensive
• Marine Brigade of U.S. 2nd Division captures Bouresche and Belleau Wood.  They suffer 55% casualties. 


• Lynch tests 1st U.S. made H-16 at Killingholme
• Gates assumes command at Dunkirk.
• Vorys helps invent bomb site used in training at Hampton Roads
• Gould promoted to Lieutenant; given command of NAS Key West
• Brush on inspection tour in Europe as part of Board of Inquiry called by F.D.R.
• Ames and Harry Davison sail for Europe
• Beach joins Gates at Dunkirk detailed to 218 Squadron.
• McIlwaine with 217 Squadron raids on Zeebruge Mole
• Ingalls with 218 Squadron raids on Ostend, Zeebrugge, Burges
• Lawrence bombs sub 15 miles off mouth of Humber.
• MacLeish with 218 Squadron, day bombing near Calais; has trained on 12 types of machines by this time

H-16 at Killingholme8

• Wilson agrees to intervention in Siberia
• 313,000 American troops arrive in Europe in July
• Second Battle of Marne
• Allies halt Germany’s four-month drive
• former Tsar Nicholas II, wife and children murdered by Bolsheviks
• Allies counter attack against German forces at Soissons on Western Front


• Gates rescues two British aviators from downed Handley-Page bomber
• Smith, Walker, Coombe, B. Read sent to Italy to fly Caproni bombers
• Lawrence chases Zeppelins from Killingholme base
• Farwell at Fromantine then Saint Trojan as armaments officer until Armistice
• Walker, H. Davison, McDonnell, Smith, Coombe fly Caproni bombers over Alps from Italy to France. Walker crash lands but unhurt
• Ingalls begins run of 5 victories with 213 Squadron
• B. Read chief pilot in charge of flying at Porto Corsini
• Beach to Pauillac, works with MacLeish on testing Liberty motors
• Ames surveys Air Stations for Naval Ops HQ; meets Gates, Lovett and other Unit members on tour
• MacLeish’s engagement to Pricilla Murdock announced

Officers at Porto Corsini9

• The British army under General Haig forces Germans back to Hindenburg line
• General Pershing establishes an independent American army
• 10,000 American troops join the Japanese in occupying Vladivostok and some of Siberia


• Rockefeller to Miami NAS
• Thompson Personnel Officer at Hampton Roads
• Vorys made Flight Superintendent, then Aide for Operations at Hampton Roads
• Ingalls rates 63 flights over lines, 13 combats, 13 low bombing raids, 5 confirmed victories with 213 Squadron
• Ireland made CO of NAS Morehead City, NC
• Smith, H. Davison in night bombing raids, flying Handley Page bombers with 214 Squadron
• Gates, Beach fly SPADs with l’Escadrille de Saint-Pol
• MacLeish, at Eastleigh, made First Flight Officer

NAS Eastleigh, England10

• US forces clear St. Mihiel salient; greatest air assault by US air forces.  8,000 casualties; 15,000 Germans taken prisoner 
• Allies plan offensive from Ypres to Verdun, the final large battle of the war; 896,000 American troops join 136,000 French; 120,000 casualties
• Haig’s forces storm Hindenburg line, break through in several places
• Battle of Vardar
• Bulgaria concludes armistice negotiations with Allies


• Davison attends Sperry Flying Bomb tests at Amityville, L.I.
• Ingalls relieved of duty with 213 Squadron, replaced by MacLeish
• Rockefeller ordered to London and NBG, diverted to USN Air Station Killingholme
• Lynch and MacLeish ferry DH-4 from Eastleigh to Lafraine
• Northern Bombing Group begin operations
• Gates shot down flying SPAD over German lines – captured
• Lovett sends Harry Davison and Ken Smith to investigate Gates’ crash site
• MacLeish shot down in air combat with Fokkers north of Dixmude, Belgium
• Vorys temp CO of Hampton Roads – 1,100 men, 40 seaplanes
• B. Read flys bombing raids on Austrian forces at Pola
• McIlwaine ordered to NBG HQ.

Kenneth MacLeish11

• With collapse of the front, mutiny in the navy, and Revolution in Munich, Germany forms a parliamentary government with Prince Max of Baden
• Germany and Austria request armistice from US
• Germany ends unrestricted U-boat warfare
• General Ludendorff resigns
• Turkey concludes armistice with Allies
• American air ace Eddie Richenbacker achieves 26th and final air victory in war
• Wilson calls for Democratic congress to be elected to back his peace plan


• Gates jumps from German prisoner train, escapes, recaptured 4 days later 3 yards from Swiss border
• Smith sent to U.S. as instructor
• Ingalls flys over France and Belgium following armistice; meets Lovett and Harry Davison
• Gates released from German prison camp following armistice.
• Vorys flies experimental aircraft in Philadelphia
• Farwell witnesses 4 straight days of celebration on the Place de la Concorde – then returns to U.S.
• Lynch, H. Davison, Coombe, Brush, 'Shorty' Smith return to U.S. on Balmoral Castle

A group of American prisoners of war in Germany, Di Gates at center12.

New York Times announces Armistice13.

•William Thaw promoted to Lt. Colonel, CO of 3rd pursuit group
• German fleet mutiny at Kiel
• Austria-Hungary concludes armistice with Italy, surrenders
• Allies accept Wilson’s Fourteen Points
• Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates – November 9
• German Republic founded; Kaiser flees to Holland
• Armistice Day, November 11: German government signs armistice treaty at 5:00 AM; fighting ceases at 11 AM


• Gates sails for U.S. on board Arkansas
• MacLeish’s body found and identified on farm owned by M. Rouse at Schoore, Belgium
• Commander Towers delivers message to Brush for the Unit: "Please tell the men of your Unit that they have been the very back-bone of Naval Aviation. They have been assigned to every branch of our Aviation Service and every man has left a record that we regular Navy men are proud of."

Commander John H. Towers14.

• Wilson sails for Paris Peace Conference with contingent of historians, geographers, political scientists, and economists. During negotiations, he is known as "Wilson the Just."
• World War I cost America 112,432 deaths, 203,460 wounded, and $112,000,000,000 in direct, eventual costs. 

Photograph Citations

1 Courtesy Suffolk Family Home
2 Courtesy Daniel Davison
3 Courtesy Daniel Davison
4 Courtesy Daniel Davison
5 Courtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-det-4a25922
6 Courtesy Daniel Davison
7 Courtesy U.S. National Archives, (Still Picture Records, College Park, MD)
8 Courtesy U.S. National Archives, (Still Picture Records, College Park, MD)
9 Courtesy U.S. National Archives, (Still Picture Records, College Park, MD)
10 Courtesy U.S. National Archives, (Still Picture Records, College Park, MD)
11 Courtesy Daniel Davison
12 Courtesy Daniel Davison
13 Courtesy New York Times
14 Courtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ggbain-28719



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